Laboratory for Olive Cultivation

Objectives
  • Collection and conservation of olive genetic material for biodiversity protection and utilization in genetic improvement.
  • Identification, characterization, improvement and valorization of Greek and foreign cultivars according to their pedoclimatic requirements,  their tolerance in pests and diseases, their suitability for high density plantations, aiming at the improvement of fruit and olive oil yield and quality.
  • Modernization of orchard management practices.
  • Study of olive flowering biology and of pollination incompatibility.
  • Research on organic agriculture and integrated production systems.
  • Study of olive production systems on the environment and on the socio-economic aspects of rural areas.
  • Research on climate change - olive growing interaction.

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Results
  • Adaptation of the main Greek and foreign cultivars in the environment of Crete.
  • Identification and characterization of 42 Greek and 63 foreign cultivars and their conservation in the national olive germplasm collection.
  • Detemination of appropriate planting distance, tree shape formation, pruning type and regeneration pruning for the main olive cultivars.
  • Assessment of suitability of several olive cultivars to mechanical harvesting and combination of chemical sprays with mechanized harvest machines.
  • Identification of best performing harvesting machines (in terms of fruit removal/time ratio as well as of the least shoot damages) for minimizing the harvesting cost.
  • Identification of appropriate cultivar combinations for improved fruit yield and reduced climate-induced damages risk.
  • Collection of experimental data for sustainable organic olive farming practices.
  • Collection of experimental data for viable application of integrated production system.
  • Studies on the impact of climate change (high temperature, low temperature, UV-B radiation, water salinity) on olive.

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Research Projects
  • Introduction of new olive crop management practices focused on climate change mitigation and adaptation – oLIVE-CLIMA (LIFE11 ENV/GR/942). 2012-2017. http://www.oliveclima.eu
  • Survey of the olive growing area Makri in the Regional Administration of Eastern Macedonia & Thrace for selection and morphological description of representative genotype. 2012-2017
  • Training olive sector's stakeholders in a remote region of Greece towards sustainable production, processing and marketing of olive products. International Olive Council (SUB-IOC-TEC 4/12). 2012.
  • Promoting sustainable production and consumption patterns: the example of olive oil– INFOIL (LIFE08 INF/GR/000581). 2010-2012. http://www.infoil.gr
  • Safeguard of hazelnut and almond genetic resource: from traditional uses to novel agroindustry opportunities-SAFENUT, 2007-2010. http://safenut.casaccia.enea.it
  • Integrated System for Identification, Analysis and Promotion of Olive Oil. Regional Innovation Pole of Crete "i4Crete". Hellenic General Secretariat for Research and Technology. Code 11-ΠΠΚ06, Α8. GSRT. 2006-2008
  • Application of Organic Agriculture in Olive in the framework of Reg. 2080/05 (Action Βiv.2). ΕOP ELAIOURGIKI, MIC ΕPΕ-ICAP A.E.
  • Application of Integrated Production in Olive. In the framework of Reg. 2080/05 (Action Βii). ΕOP ELAIOURGIKI, MIC ΕPΕ-ICAP A.E.
  • Sustainable use of water resources and rural development in drought affected areas–IMAGE. Interreg III B Archimed, Measure 3.1: Protection, Planning of natural resources and Landscape, 2006-2008. www.projectimage.eu
  • Mediterranean Initiatives-Development in Agriculture-M.I.D.A.. Interreg III B Archimed, Measure 1.2: Assistance for urban centres, rural areas and growth of cooperation between them, 2006-2008. www.midaproject.eu
  • Effect of salinity stress on olive plantlets in Hydroponics cultivation and alleviation techniques, Transnational Collaboration, GSRT. 2007-2008.
  • "The future of olive plantation systems on sloping and mountainous land – Scenarios for production and natural resource conservation". OLIVERO. 2003-2006. Ε.U.

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Publications 

  • Koubouris, G.C., Breton, C., Metzidakis I.T., Vasilakakis M.D.. (2014) Self-incompatibility and pollination relationships for four Greek olive cultivars. Sci. Hortic. 176, 91-96.
  • Xanthopoulou, A., Ganopoulos, I., Koubouris, G., Tsaftaris, A., Sergendani, C., Kalivas, A., Madesis, P. (2014) Microsatellite high-resolution melting (SSR-HRM) analysis for genotyping and molecular characterization of an Olea europaea germplasm collection.Plant Genetic Resources: Characterization and Utilization; 1-5. doi:1017/S147926211400001X.
  • Koubouris, G.C. Metzidakis I.T., Vasilakakis, M.D. (2012) Intraspecific variation in pollen viability, germination and ultrastructure of Olea europaea L.. African J. Biotechnol. 11, 13442-13446.
  • Koubouris, G.C. Metzidakis I.T., Vasilakakis, M.D. (2012) Flower Performance and Fruit Persistence in Organic "Kalamata" Olive. Acta Hortic. 949, 203-208.
  • Metzidakis I.T., Koubouris G.C., Kassidonis E., Sergendani C., Giannakaki A., Papathanasiou, G., Kosmas C., Moustakas N. (2012) Impact of soil management practices on physical and chemical properties of soils formed in marls, conglomerates or schists in sloping olive groves. Acta Hortic. 949, 371-378.
  • Koubouris, G.C., Metzidakis I.T., Vasilakakis, M.D. (2010) Phenological, morphological and functional indicators of genetic variability and their implication in the sexual reproductive system of Olea europaea L. (Oleaceae). Sci. Hortic. 123, 547–550.
  • Koubouris, G.C., Metzidakis I.T., Vasilakakis, M.D. (2010) Influence of cross pollination on the development of parthenocarpic -shotberries- olive (Olea europaea L.) fruits. Expl.Agric. 46, 67–76.
  • Koubouris, G.C. Metzidakis I.T., Vasilakakis, M.D. (2009) Impact of temperature on olive (Olea europaea L.) pollen performance in relation to relative humidity and genotype. Environ. Exp. Bot. 67, 209–214.
  • Gómez  J.A., Amato M., Celano G., Koubouris G. (2008) Organic olive orchards on sloping land: more than a specialty niche production system?. J. Env. Manag. 89, 99-109.
  • Metzidakis I.T., Martinez-Vilela, A., Castro Nieto, G., Basso, B. (2008) Intensive olive orchards on sloping land: requiring good water and pest management. J. Env. Manag. 89, 120-128.
  • Owen, C.A., Bita, E.C., Banilas, G., Hajjar, S.E., Sellianakis, V., Aksoy, U., Hepaksoy, S., Chamoun, R., Talhook, S.N., Metzidakis, I., Hatzopoulos, P., Kalaitzis, P. 2005. AFLP reveals structural details of genetic diversity within cultivated olive germplasm from the Eastern Mediterranean. Theor. Appl. Genet. 110: 1169-1176.
  • Terzopoulos, P., Kolano, B., Bebeli, P., Kaltsikis, P., Metzidakis I. (2005) Identification of Olea Europaea L. cultivars using intersimple sequence repeat markers. Sci. Hortic. 105, 45-51.
  • Nikoloudakis N., Metzidakis I., Banilas G., Gazis F., Hatzopoulos, P. (2003) Discrimination and genetic diversity among cultivated olives of Greece using RAPD markers. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci. 128, 741-746.

 

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Personnel

 

Dr. Georgios Koubouris

Researcher, Head of the Laboratory

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Tel: +30 28210-83431

Dr. Ioannis Metzidakis

Researcher

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Tel: +30 28210-83434

Chrysa Sergendani

Technical Agronomist

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Tel: +30 28210-83435

Athina Giannakaki

Technical Agronomist

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Tel: +30 28210-83432

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